Pets and Deicers
The National Animal Poison Control telephone number is 800-548-2423
Pets may be exposed to de-icing products that have been applied to sidewalks or dog runs or that have been improperly stored or spilled. The most common clinical signs are vomiting, diarrhea, salivation, depression, and loss of appetite, disorientation and increased thirst. In extreme cases seizures and even death can result.
Inducing vomiting may not be advised if the products contains very corrosive substances such as large amounts of potassium chloride which will damage the mucosa during vomiting. While activated charcoal is considered to be the universal antidote – it does not absorb the salts in deicers.
Sodium toxicosis is possible after a large ingestion of rock salt. Sodium chloride can be lethal to dogs at a dose of four grams per kilogram body weight. You may notice polyuria (increased urination) which can lead to dehydration and exacerbate electrolyte imbalances. Large enough doses can lead to “salt poisoning” which causes swelling of the brain and can lead to death.
Signs associated with elevated potassium levels include muscle weakness, gastrointestinal disturbances, and cardiac conduction disturbances. Ingestion of potassium chloride tablets has caused bowel strictures and ulceration.
Elevated magnesium concentrations can cause low blood pressure and cardiac abnormalities, weakness, and neurological signs.
Causes vomiting skin irritation and eye irritation. Bath the exposed animal and treat gastrointestinal problems symptomatically.
Urea is more toxic to ruminant animals such as cows than to monogastric animals like people, dogs and cats. Urea ingestion by dogs can result in hyper-salivation, gastrointestinal upset, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Treatment includes inducing vomiting and monitoring the animal.
Our liquid ice melt is safer for pets
© 2006 All Rights Reserved. Unauthorized use of any images, thumbnails, illustrations, descriptions,
or article content without written permission is strictly prohibited under copyright law.